Next to cotton, jute is the second important fibre crop of India. The jute plant, a native of the Indian subcontinent, is a herbaceous annual growing to a height of around 10 to 12 feet with a central cylindrical stem, and 4- to 6-inch long light green leaves and yellow flowers. The main cotton producing states are Gujarat, Maharashtra and Andhra Pradesh. Jute dicotyledenous fibre-yielding plant of the genus Corchorus, order Tiliaceae. Coir, pineapple leaf fibre, banana stem fibre, and kapok fibre are used for different purposes. But it The fibre after drying is taken to Jute mills, for getting converted to Jute yarn and Hessian /Gunny Fabrics/ bags. jute is a fibre crop. Raw jute plays an important role in the country’s economy. Jute Cultivation in India: Conditions, Method, Production and Distribution! b. Jute crop does not have hybrid seeds. Once, jute fibre was widely known as the "golden fibre" or cash-crop of Bangladesh because of it's quality and demand. Jute is a wonderful crop in the world. It is the cheapest fibre procured from the skin of the plant’s stem. In trade and industry, jute and mesta crop together known as raw jute as their uses are almost same. Jute was once known as the golden fibre of Bangladesh, since it was the most important cash crop for the country. Jute is in great demand because of the cheapness, softness, strength, length, lustre and uniformity of its fibre. It has high tensile strength, low extensibility, and ensures better breathability of fabrics.Jute fibre is 100% biodegradable and recyclable and thus environmentally friendly. The plants Corchorus olitorius and Corchorus capsularis from which the fibre is obtained, are native to the Indian subcontinent and are grown throughout the year. It is a kind of fiber. Men have been trying their best to find out substitutes for jute but their efforts have not been so successful. In India, Ganga delta region is excellent for jute cultivation as this region has fertile alluvium soil & favourable temperature along with sufficient rainfall. c. Varieties: JRC-321 (Sonali), JRC-212 (Sabuj sona), JRC 7447 (Shyamli), D154, Hybrid C (Padma), KC1 (joydev) etc. Jute has been dominating the Indian scene for long, with records of its usage during Mughal rule in the country. Jute is the second most important vegetable fiber after cotton due to its versatility. ), the most important bast (phloem) fiber crop in the world, produces long and shiny fibers that attract diversified product manufacturing companies, including textile and paper.Jute crop improvement research slowed down after facing hurdles of genome complexity, incompatibility among species, and a recalcitrant nature in the tissue culture of jute. Experimental use of jute fibre in commercial papermaking has proved moderately successful and may eventually supplement pine and spruce as papermaking fibres. Jute plays a very important role in the socio-economic activities of the Bangladesh. hii guys good morning ️what's going on ️ ️ ️ Raw jute was originally considered as a source of raw material for packaging industries only. Introduction of Jute: – Jute is an important natural fibre cash crop just like cotton crop and grows well in hot and moist climate. In India the most important bast fibre crops are Jute (Corchorus olitorius and C. capsularis), Jute Cultivation Guide: Jute Cultivation. Kenaf has received the greatest attention because of its greater adaptability & ease of handling than allied fibre … Explanation: because the jute contains fibrey material. The fibres are first extracted by retting. The crop is grown in West Bengal, Assam, Northern Bihar, south-eastern Orissa, Tripura and eastern Uttar Pradesh. India and Bangladesh produce the greatest amounts of Jute in the world, and global production is estimated at more than 3.3 million tones each year. The fibre is extracted from the bark of the stem of various jute species and goes through an elaborate processing cycle before becoming a finished jute product. Jute is rightly called the second important fibre crop of India or the golden fibre. Jute fabric is made out of the vegetable fiber jute, which is known as ‘the golden fiber‘. To extract the fibre, the jute bundles are submersed in water and left for a few days until the fibres come loose and are ready for stripping from the stalk, then washed and dried. the three most notable examples include: Cotton Cotton is the most popular and widely used fibre crop. Jute is an important natural fibre crop in India next to cotton. Jute is an annual herb also known as Tossa Jute. In trade and industry, jute and mesta crop together known as raw jute as their uses are almost same. 11Th … The fibres lie beneath the bark around the woody core or ‘hurd’. F) Jute Fibre Extraction On average, jute yields four times more fibre per acre than flax. Because the soil origin, composition, & colour do not affect Kenaf. Because of its colours and high cash value, Jute is known as a golden fibre. It is the crop of hot and humid climate and is exported as goods and as a raw fibre. Among them jute predominates in all respects such as production, manufacture, export, crop area, technology, economy, and industry. Cultivation of Jute. Introduction. Raw jute was originally considered as a … New questions in Social Sciences. Jute: a. Jute is a parenchymatus fibre. Crop Calendar for Jute and Allied Fibres 2013 Central Research Institute for Jute and Allied Fibre, Barrackpore, Kolkata, 700120 Page 2 3. #Jute is an incredible fibre: #sustainable, affordable, fast … Jute – Golden Fiber of Bangladesh. The jute fibre is a ligno-cellulose fibre that is partially a textile fibre and partially wood. First irrigation is to be given after sowing and life irrigation on fourth day after sowing. Jute (Corchorus sp. Jute: 12: Which type climate is Required : warm & humid: 13: Fibre is obtained from … by retting: Phloem: 14: Jute is a : Parenchymatus fibre. It is obtained from the bark of jute plants. About Jute. Corchorus plants require a tropical climate with high humidity and temperature, which is why the majority of jute cultivation is located in India and Bangladesh. Cotton provides the basic raw material to cotton textile industry. Which one of the following is not a fibre crop Cotton Rubber Jute Hemp 2 See answers Rashika124 Rashika124 Rubber is not a fiber hope it will help you shashank102183 shashank102183 Answer: Peas is answer of this question . Jute is an important natural fibre crop in India next to cotton. The harvest occurs between June and September depending upon when the seeds were sown. 1st stWeeding and thinning 1 Week of April to 4th week of April (15 DAS) In row crop, weeds between rows can be smothered by a wheel hoe fitted with scrappers or … Jute is a rain-fed crop [meaning less irrigated water from freshwater sources are used] Jute needs tropical rainfall, warm weather and high humidity [to grow] Jute crop requires 500 mm of water. Jute is a golden fibre as well as a major cash crop of Bangladesh. Jute cultivation actually enhances soil fertility for future crops; The woody core of the jute plant (called hurd) has the potential to meet the majority of the world’s wood needs. Jute is a rain-fed crop with little need for fertilizer or pesticides. Jute is a natural fibre with golden and silky shine and hence called The Golden Fibre. A great advantage of jute fibre is that, it is environment friendly natural fibre. Fibre Crop: Type # 2. Jute fiber is an extremely affordable crop to cultivate. Next to cotton, jute is the second important fibre crop of India. It is essential for almost every country. It also has a high cash value. Hence, the Golden Fibre Revolution in India is related to jute production. It was also considered “the wonder crop,” until synthetic fibres entered the market and quickly replaced it. It is native to South Asia. jute fabric. India is the largest Jute producing country in the world, with annual production estimated at more 1.968 million tones. New questions in Geography. Afterwards irrigation can be given once in 15 days. After cotton, jute is the most important vegetable fibre in … Jute fibre … Environment-friendly and bio-degradable, jute is an important cash crop for India and Bangladesh, exported to many foreign countries. Jute is a rainy season crop, sown between March and May, depending on rainfall and the type of land. Jute is sown and harvested annually (the White Jute crop usually matures in July, and the Tossa crop slightly later). D) Cultivation of Jute This is a fibre crop that you will not be able to grow in European back gardens as jute needs tropical rainfall, warm weather and high humidity. Jute, a long, soft plant fiber that is spun into coarse, strong threads, is obtained from the plants Corchorus olitorius and Corchorus capsularis. ‘The golden fiber’ is derived from plants in the Chorchorus genus. It is better adapted to poor soils & soil alkalinity than jute. From the Jute, various lifestyle products are being produced and diversified in to various forms, due to R&D support and also due the support by Govt Organisations. d. For fibre purpose – jute is harvest before flowering The crop is mainly grown in West Bengal, Assam, Northern Bihar, south-eastern Orissa, Tripura and eastern Uttar Pradesh. Raw jute plays an important role in the country’s economy. Jute is a rain-fed crop and its cultivation is concentrated in Bangladesh, India, China, and Thailand. The retting process consists of bundling jute stems together and immersing them in low, running water. Jute, and mesta are the major cash crops of Bangladesh. It is a long (1-4 meters, or 3-13 feet), soft, and shiny fiber. which type jute is more popular : white jute: 10: Family: Fabiaceae/ Tilliacea: 11: Most important fiber crop in India. The production is concentrated in India and Bangladesh. ; Jute (Corchorus capsularis L and C.olitorius L.) is one of the most important cash crops of eastern India.Exported as goods and as raw fibre. These Fibres are used to make things such as cloth, rope, or paper. Since 1942 many countries have begun research studies on substitute fibres. India, in particular, has a long tryst with this wondrous crop. Cotton and jute are the two most important fibre crops of India. Jute is one of the most important cash crops of eastern India. 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