Specifically, coefficients and related and required parameters Ground snow loads map (Figure 7-1 of ASCE 7-10 Code) Figure 7-1, pages 34-35 and Table 7-1, page 30 Table … The International Code specifies design snow loads are to be determined according to Section 7 of a document called ASCE 7. Specifically, coefficients and related and required parameters Ground snow loads map (Figure 7-1 of ASCE 7-05 Code) 1. "ASCE710S" --- ASCE 7-10 CODE SNOW LOAD ANALYSIS PROGRAM "ASCE710S" is a spreadsheet program written in MS-Excel for the purpose of flat roof snow loading analysis for buildings and structures per the ASCE 7-10 Code. Like its predecessors that accompanied earlier versions of ASCE 7, this new edition of Snow Loads discusses flat roof loads, sloped roof loads, partial loads, and all types of conventional drift loading. Step 4 - Determine the Flat Roof Snow Load Calculating the load on a flat roof is a challenging task for the layperson that involves knowledge of building materials, their weights and local building codes. If slope ≤ ¼” in 12”, design to prevent ponding. Flat roof snow load — The flat roof snow load, p f, is calculated in pounds per square foot (psf) from Section 7.3 of ASCE 7 and is given by Equation 7-1: p f = 0.7C eC tI sp g 0.7 is the combined exposure reduction factor for ground-to-roof conversion for normal conditions. a) (ASCE 7, 7.2)Ground Snow Load, P g = 25 psf b) (ASCE 7, 7.3)Flat-roof snow load, P f = i) Exposure Factor, C e (ASCE 7, 7.3.1) = ii) Thermal Factor, C t (ASCE 7, 7.3.2) = iii) Importance Factor, I (ASCE 7, 7.3.3) = c) = Sloped Roof Snow Load, P s (ASCE 7, 7.4) i) Roof Slope Factor, C s (ASCE 7, 7.4.1) = 4. Calculate flat roof snow load p f using the following equation: p f = 0.7C e C t I s p g where: p f = Flat Roof Snow Load in psf C e = Exposure Factor, as determined by ASCE Table 7-2 below. I would agree with you if we use ASCE 7-05, which requires unbalanced snow on leeward side of the gable regardless of roof pitch. This program specifically follows Section 7.0, Snow Loads, of the ASCE 7-05 Standard, "Minimum Design Loads for Buildings and Other Structures". I = importance factor. Snow load: (ASCE 7-05, 10, IBC 2006, 2009, 2012) ... Flat roof snow load: p f = 0.7 C e C t I s p g. C e is exposure factor. This document provides for all roof snow loads to be calculated from ground snow loads, however not every Building Department follows this procedure. C t is Thermal factor. ASCE 7 in fact clarifies that S may be the flat roof snow load or the sloped roof snow load, depending upon the slope of the roof. Flat Roof Snow Loads. Where flat roof snow loads exceed 30 psf (1.44 kN/m 2), 20 percent shall be combined with seismic loads. Input Data. Snow Loads is an essential supplement to ASCE/SEI Standard 7 for all engineers, architects, and construction professionals who work on projects in regions subject to snow. While this may be more intuitive for flat or even gable/hip type roofs, the determination of snow loads is increasingly more difficult for arch roofs due to complex geometry. About the Author Michael O'Rourke, Ph.D., P.E., is a professor in the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, where he teaches and pursues snow load research. This one hour webinar presents design roof snow loads as per ASCE 7 for four increasing complex residential roofs. ASCE702S is a spreadsheet program written in MS-Excel for the purpose of flat roof snow loading analysis for buildings and structures per the ASCE 7-02 Code. Snow Loads for Structural Design in Montana (Revised 2004) Gregory P. Theisen Michael J. Keller Jerry E. Stephens Fred F. Videon James P. Schilke December 2004 The basis for ASCE 7-05 snow load computations is the ground snow load, p g. This value is modified to become a flat roof snow load, p f, by multiplying by a constant that accounts for roof snow loss that ground measurements don't see. (Section 7.11, ASCE 7) 2 Go to partial loading 1 If slope > 5°, calculate sloped roof snow load. This program specifically follows Section 7.0, Snow Loads, of the ASCE 7-10 Standard, "Minimum Design Loads for Buildings and Other Structures". Sloped Roof Snow Loads. The flat roof snow load in ASCE 7-10, P f, is a function of the ground snow load and three factors related to the building and its surroundings: P f = 0.7C e C t I s P g. Where: C e is the exposure factor, C t is the thermal factor, and I s is the importance factor. Exposure factor, C e: Exposure factor, C e is based on wind exposure of structure. 3. This program assumes only snow loading analysis for buildings with a flat roof, or low slope roof <= 5 degrees. 7-1 F-6 PROTECTING MaNufaCTuREd HOMEs fROM flOOds aNd OTHER HazaRds A Multi-Hazard Foundation and Installation Guide. According to ASCE 7-16, the design snow loads for flat roofs and sloped roofs can be obtained using the following equations: where. Snow Load - Snow loading analysis for buildings with flat or low slope roofs Snow Map - Ground snow loads map (Figure 7-1 of ASCE 7-10 Code) Program Assumptions and Limitations: 1. ARCH 331 Note Set 13.1 S2014abn 2 Determining Dead Load from Material Weights Material density is a measure of how much mass in a unit volume causes a force due to gravity. I have the same question as Q2 about the snow load used. Non-shaded (CS) areas require site-specific Case Studies to establish ground snow loads. This program specifically follows Section 7.0, Snow Loads, of the ASCE 7-10 Standard, "Minimum Design Loads for Buildings and Other Structures". ASCE 7-05 Code for Buildings with Flat or Low Slope Roofs (= 5 deg. Section 7.4 of ASCE 7-16 explains how to convert flat roof snow loads into sloped roof snow loads using the roof slope factor, C s. The sloped roof snow load, also called the balanced load, is the basis for determining the snow load for all structures. Herein the exposure and importance factors are taken to be 1.0. = live roof load W = wind load S = snow load E = earthquake load R = rainwater load or ice water load T = effect of material & temperature H = hydraulic loads from soil F = hydraulic loads from fluids. in ASCE 7-10, unbalanced snow load is not required for roof with slope > 30.2deg (or 7:12) р g = ground snow load. You can click on the map below to determine the design ground snow load, latitude and longitude and elevation for that location. Flat Roof Snow Load (p f) p f = 0.7C e C t Ip g p f = 0.7(1.0)(1.0)(1.0)(20) = 14 psf But not less than p f =(I)p g = 20 psf ASCE 7-05 Section 7.2 Figure 7-1 Section 7.3 Eq. 2. Most residential structures are situated in a B or C terrain category and are partially exposed with a C e =1.0 C t = Thermal Factor, as determined by ASCE Table 7-3 below. Snow Loading Analysis Calculator. 3. for Balanced Snow, Drift, and Rain-on-Snow Surcharge Loadings . Step 3 - Determine the Importance Factor. The ASCE 7-16 standard requires both balanced and unbalanced snow load case scenarios for a structure's design consideration. EXAMPLE CALCULATIONS F Section 7.3.1 Table 7-2 Section 7.3.2 Table 7-3 Section 7.3.3 … or 1 in./ft.) Specifically, coefficients and related and required parameters are selected or calculated in order to compute the net design snow loads, including snow drift due on lower roofs and rain-on-snow surcharge. р s = design snow load for a sloped roof. 2. р f = design flat roof snow load. (Note: for reference, a 1:12 roof slope equates to 4.76 degrees, and the program allows a slope up to 1.05:12.) The first is a simple, one story hip roof. Building Classification : Table 1-1, page 3: Ground Snow Load, pg: psf: Figure 7-1, pages 84-85 and Table 7-1, page 92: Length of High Roof, Lu: ft. See Table 2.9 for importance factor values, depending on the category of the building. Flat roof snow loads of 30 psf (1.44 kN/m 2) or less and roof live loads of 30 psf (1.44 kN/m 2) or less need not be combined with seismic loads. "ASCE705S" --- ASCE 7-05 CODE SNOW LOAD ANALYSIS PROGRAM "ASCE705S" is a spreadsheet program written in MS-Excel for the purpose of flat roof snow loading analysis for buildings and structures per the ASCE 7-05 Code. Flat roof snow loads of 30 psf (1.44 kN/m 2) or less and roof live loads of 30 psf (1.44 kN/m 2) or less need not be combined with seismic loads. I s is important factor. Use our ASCE Ground Snow Loads map to easily obtain the ground snow load (Figure 7-1 of ASCE 7-10) for any location in the contiguous United States. ASCE 7 Table 7-3 Calculate flat roof snow load pf 0.7CeCt Is pg no Is roof flat? 2. Pg = ground snow load Pf = flat roof snow load = Pg*I*Ce*Ct Ps = sloped roof snow load = Pf*Cs The "minimum" Pf is defined in ASCE-7-98 as: I*Pg when Pg is less than or equal to 20psf I*20 when Pg is greater than 20psf +++++ The "minimum" that is specified is for cases when the Ce*Ct<1.00. Specifically, coefficients and related and required parameters are selected or calculated in order to compute the net design snow loads, including snow drift due on lower roofs and rain-on-snow surcharge. Heat flow from poorly insulated roofs melts some of the roof snowpack. For C t = 1.0 and I s = 1.0, Equation 7-1 produces ground-to-roof snow However, I still have a hard time making sense of it when comparing the calculated drifting snow loads of building with very steep (say 12:12) roof and that with flat roof :) 2. The second example is a one-story L-shaped roof. Driven by recent changes to the ASCE 7 snow load provisions, this guide describes: The complexity arises from the variable upwind fetch for unbalance or across-the-ridge drift loads. Warm roofs lose heat in such a way that it melts snow, while cold roofs lose heat that doesn’t contribute to melting. The importance factor, also found in ASCE 7-10, takes into account the type of building for which you are calculating snow loads. Question 3: Equation 16-21 (alternative basic load combination) also uses D+L+S+E/1.4. Snow Loads: A Guide to the Use and Understanding of the Snow Load provisions of ASCE 7-02 is the only book that provides a detailed, authoritative interpretation of the snow load provisions of Minimum Design Loads for Buildings and Other Structures, Standard ASCE 7-02. (Note: for reference, a 1:12 roof slope equates to 4.76 degrees, and the program allows a slope up to 1.05:12.) Allows up to 10 different flat roof snow loads to be calculated by entering values for all of the parameters in accordance with ASCE 7. For this roof the complexity involves snow load for the roof valley area. The standard guide in the U.S., the ASCE 7-05, lists weights and stresses for all building materials expressed in pounds per square foot. Maps of ground snow loads in IBC and in ASCE 7 indicate a 2 percent probability of the indicated load being equaled or exceeded in any given year. If slope ≤ ½” in 12”, add rain-on-snow surcharge (Section 7.10 ASCE 7) 2 yes . Where flat roof snow loads exceed 30 psf (1.44 kN/m 2), 20 percent shall be combined with seismic loads. Allows up to 10 different sloped roof snow loads. Ground snow loads do not discount that actual snow loads may exceed them, only that the risk of snow-load-induced failure is reduced to an acceptably low level. This program assumes only snow loading analysis for buildings with a flat roof, or low slope roof <= 5 degrees. Load Calculations. ASCE705S is a spreadsheet program written in MS-Excel for the purpose of flat roof snow loading analysis for buildings and structures per the ASCE 7-05 Code. From poorly insulated roofs melts some of the building 's design consideration analysis for buildings with a flat roof or! 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