considerable distances in their lower reaches. To the south and the southwest, the basin is less than 300 meters. This study aimed to analyse the spatial characteristics, distribution, and influence of nitrogen forms in two different river catchments situated in eastern China. FishCoM Ghana is financed by United States Agency for International Development (USAID). Ghana is drained by a large number of streams and rivers. It cuts south-southwest across northern Togo and then forms the Ghana-Togo border for about 60 miles (100 km) before continuing southward through Ghana to empty into Lake Volta (created in the dammed Volta River). production, and to improve standards of living began in earnest only in the mid-1980s. The Kwahu Plateau, which marks the northernmost extent of the forest area, also serves as an important climatic divide. With a large population of people living close to the river, some of the problems that come up include; READ ALSO: Names of mountains in Ghana and their locations. Ghana's dams offer a lifeline to the people in the country. Navigation by steam launch is possible on the southern sector of to the gold-mining areas in the vicinity of Tarkwa. Navigation on the Volta River has changed significantly since 1964. Mercury contamination in the river is attributed to mining activities, both legal and illegal, that take place on the banks of the river. This is a list of rivers in Ghana. Among the tributaries of the Essequibo, the Potaro, the Mazaruni, and the Cuyuni drain the northwest, and the Rupununi drains the southern savanna. River Severn | River Thames. The Volta River flows through the country and the area around the river mostly consists of plains. Accra has been Ghana’s capital since 1877 and contains impressive public buildings that reflect its transition from a 19 th century suburb of Victoriaborg to the metropolis of today. Although large History of Ghana . Needless to say, the government is stepping up its efforts to contain the situation and has started taking the necessary steps to ensure they curb this menace. Ghana's coastline is low and sandy, backed by plains and scrub and intersected by several rivers and streams, most of which are navigable only by canoe. Ironically, it is this flat, silt-composed delta region with its abundance of water that supports shallot, corn, and cassava cultivation in the region. The major drainage divide runs from the southwest part of the Akwapim-Togo Ranges northwest through the Kwahu Plateau and then irregularly westward to the C�te d'Ivoire border. Beyond this point, the folding becomes more complex and heights increase greatly, with several peaks rising more than 610 meters above sea level. European contact with Ghana began in 1470. During summer in the northern hemisphere, a warm and moist maritime air mass intensifies and pushes northward across the country. In 1977 it was reported that new concessions were being acquired on the Anum River, and Lower Offin, Pra, Tano, and Ankobra Rivers for dredging purposes.. References Heavy rains fall from about April through late June. Since rivers are a good source of clean water suitable for irrigation, there is bound to be irrigation taking place close to a river. Rivers in Ghana are undoubtedly such natural phenomena that you should know of. Soils in the high plains are more arable than those in the Volta Basin, and the population density is considerably higher. The country has a north-south extent of about 670 km and a maximum east-west extent of about 560 km. Why would the government put in so much effort and resources to protect the rivers? and the valleys are generally deep and relatively narrow. The region is the country's chief producer of cocoa, and its tropical forests continue to be a vital source of timber for the lumber industry. In a … From here, the country extends inland for some 670 kilometers to about 11 north. This particular river was used in the 20th century as a major transport route. The hills and slopes in this area are the favored lands for cultivation. Comprising the Southern Ashanti Uplands and the Kwahu Plateau, the Ashanti Uplands lie just north of the Akan Lowlands and stretch from the C�te d'Ivoire border in the west to the elevated edge of the Volta Basin in the east. Arms of the lake extended into the lower-lying areas, forcing the relocation of 78,000 people to Climate Most of West Africa, from the southern Sahara to the humid coastal countries, has only one rainy season, which lasts from one to six months. eastern part of the country, and the Pru River, the Sene River, and the Afram River, major tributaries to the north of the Kawhu Plateau, also empty into flooded extensions of the lake in their river valleys. The basin's population, principally farmers, is low in density, especially in the central and northwestern areas of the basin, where tsetse flies are common. GHANA JOURNAL OF FORESTRY, VOL. The river passes through the largest artificial lake in the world, Lake Volta. The fifth region, the high plains, occupies the northern and northwestern sector of the country. Moreover, it does brag of a dam built at the Bui Gorge. The ranges are largely covered with deciduous forests, and their higher elevation provides a relatively cooler, pleasant climate. Despite the construction of roads to connect communities displaced by the lake, road transportation in the region remains poor. Ghana is located to the west of … Although rapids are bad for transportation, it has turned out to be a blessing in disguise as the rapids are a very important electricity source. It should be noted further that, rivers do posses a certain sacred power to them thus they occupy a certain religious importance. In addition, the water held in dams can be used for irrigation to help n food production during the dry seasons. 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Not for humans, but it was used to transport timber. Part of the area between the Pru and Anum rivers forms the Pra Anum Forest Reserve.. References [] ^ Rand McNally Encyclopedia of World Rivers. The valley of the Birim River, one of the It was used to float timber to the Ghanaian coast. To add to Volta River's famous attributes; it does pass through a lake. Occupying the central part of Ghana, the Volta Basin covers about 45 percent of the nation's total land surface. Oti river, an important tributary of the Volta lake in Ghana, was chosen as a case study to investigate the variations in the quality of its water at different locations. The country has one large natural lake, Lake Bosumtwi, located about thirty-two kilometers southeast of Kumasi. Before their confluence was submerged, the rivers came together in the middle of the country to form the main Volta River. Angereb River. This is because half of the drinking water that is consumed in Accra is from the Densu River. The population structure has a broad base with people below 15 years constituting about a third of the total population of the delta … to 460 meters. To the south and southwest of the Kwahu Plateau, where the annual mean rainfall from north to south ranges from 1,250 millimeters 2,150 millimeters, four separate seasons occur. Point to note is, when rivers do flood, they carry with them quality soil suitable for crop production. Some rivers can be a good means of transport. A number of rivers are found to the east of the Pra. Here annual rainfall between 1,500 and 2,150 millimeters helps assure a dense forest cover. To the south of the Kwahu Plateau, the heaviest rains occur in the Axim area in the southwest corner of Ghana. To which, builds up to the improvement of the economy besides playing their part in improving the ecosystem. It also shares the Bia and Tano River basins with Cote d’Ivoire. Monitoring Water Quality in River Bodies of Mining Communities in Ghana Levels of arsenic and antimony in water and sediment from Prestea: A gold mining town in Ghana and its environs Coliform status of water bodies from two districts in Ghana, West … being an employment creator, it cuts through two major towns. It occupies the steep-sided caldera of a In part the Dam was more beneficial than anticipated because of the unexpected increase in petroleum prices in the 1970's. Passing through the Kwahu Plateau that is located near Mpraeso, the Pra River finally pours into the Atlantic Ocean at Shama. Rivers provide excellent habitat and food for many of the earth's organisms. Dams are very important resources in any country. In addition to agriculture, the Densu River is also host to almost 18 species of fish. The Black Volta is the second largest river in Ghana. Rivers are fed by tributary streams or springs, and they include a river channel, shoreline and a floodplain. The Volta river system in Ghana is made up of the Black Volta and the White Volta rivers (see above map). The southern part of the country is characterized by generally humid conditions. The relatively cool temperatures of the plateau were attractive to Europeans, particularly missionaries, who founded many well-known schools and colleges in this region. Aerial photos of the river would make any nature lover drool over its beauty. This came as a response to the problems that face the Ankobra river basin which include; the Galamsey mining, pollution of the river by indiscriminate mining companies, fishing that is undertaken using harmful chemicals, reduction of forest cover by unscrupulous miners, erosion and many others. Dams can also be sources of recreational activities as some of them provide recreational facilities like boating. Volta River, the longest river in Ghana, is a combination of two other seemingly larger rivers, the Black Volta and the White Volta. However, it is believed that people may have inhabited what is present-day Ghana from about 1500 BCE. rainy seasons. As the delta grew outward over the centuries, sandbars Other animals use the river for food and drink. Should this plan come to reality, much of the area could be opened to large-scale cultivation. Farther to the north, Kumasi receives an average annual rainfall of about 1,400 millimeters, while Tamale in the drier northern savanna receives rainfall of Increasing anthropogenic activities within the catchment of River Tano continues to threaten the river water quality but data is limited. main tributaries of the Pra, is the country's most important diamond-producing area. The cycle of the seasons follows the apparent movement of the sun back and forth across the equator. /* worldfacts-geography */ The Greenwich Meridian, which passes through London, also traverses the eastern part of Ghana at Tema. This is particularly so during the night, when 95 to 100 Putting its economic benefits aside, the Pra River is a spectacular sight to behold. Such illegal acts are seen as the main contributory factors for the change of color of the river from crystal clear water to a yellowish pigmentation. Its southernmost coast at Cape Three Points is 4 30' north of the equator. The virtual absence of tsetse flies in the region has led, moreover, to increased livestock Table 16: Area and length of main tributaries in the Volta River Basin in Ghana Table 17: Some Important Relief Characteristics Table 18: Identified Soil Groups in the Volta River Basin of Ghana Table 19: Characteristics of the Zones Table 20: Major landuse types in the Volta basin of Burkina (hectares) The lower basins of the Pra, Birim, Densu, and Ankobra rivers are also sites for palm tree cultivation. In addition to timber, the area is rich in minerals. raising as a major occupation in the north. Kwahu Plateau, the pattern is much more open, making access to water more difficult. The plateau forms one of the important physical divides in Ghana. The government is considering using drones to help in their efforts of securing its river's banks. In their southeastern part, the ranges are bisected by a deep, narrow gorge cut by the Volta River. Like most West areas of the forest cover have been destroyed through farming, enough deciduous forest remains to shade the head waters of the rivers that flow from the plateau. Rainfall averages between 1,000 and 1,150 millimeters annually, although in the northwest it is closer If so, then it does not come as a surprise that you are knowledgeable about the Pra River. Ghana shares the Volta River basin with Burkina Faso, Togo, Cote d’Ivoire and Mali. The South-Western Rivers System comprises the Bia, Tano, Ankobra and Pra Rivers. The Tano, which is the westernmost of the three rivers, rises near Techiman in the center of the country. This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google Privacy Policy and Terms of Service apply. In particular, the Volta River Dam is generally perceived to be a good thing for Ghana and its neighbors. The objective was to assess changes in … google_ad_width = 728; Several commercial centers, including Winneba, Saltpond, and Cape Coast, are located here. The Volta river basin is the largest single catchment and drains nearly 70% of Ghana, in addition to other Countries to the North, West and East. The low plains comprise the four subregions of the coastal savanna, the Volta Delta, the Accra Plains, and the Akan Lowlands. It flows through Ghana's Upper … To the south of the divide are several smaller, independent rivers. importance, including Kumasi, Ghana's second largest city and former capital of the Asante empire. The Tarkwa goldfield, the diamond Annual rainfall averages between 1,000 and 1,140 millimeters. In 1482, the Portuguese built a trading settlement there. This plan began in 2017 and the Minister of Lands and Natural Resources stated that the drones would cost about $3 million. 2.1. The Guyana’s four main rivers—the Courantyne, Berbice, Demerara, and Essequibo —all flow from the south and empty into the Atlantic along the eastern section of the coast. The inhabitants of Accra have a high probable chance of benefiting off River Densu. The Southern Ashanti Uplands, extending from the foot of the Kwahu Plateau in the north to the lowlands in the south, slope gently from an elevation of about 300 meters in the north to about 150 meters in the south. In Ghana, there are many tourist sites in 10 of its different regions. Its drainage basin encompasses some 174,000 square miles (450,000 square km). Anum River is a river of Ghana. For instance, the tropical weather would not make any tourist to hesitate to visit the country and see the many wildlife, waterfalls, sandy beaches, mountains, rivers, reservoirs, and lakes. Volta River. Alongside every river is a shoreline, and somewhere along the shoreline, there is a floodplain. In some extreme drought situations, some rivers dry up. We have basically two kinds of rivers which are, the Snow-fed rivers and the second is the Rain-fed rivers. practice because of the swampy nature of the very lowlying areas during the rainy seasons and the periodic blocking of the rivers at the coast by sandbars that form lagoons. Seasonal variations in some physicochemical and nutrients water quality parameters of River Tano were studied between November, 2016 and October, 2017 using electrometric and standard methods. Its northern section, which lies above the upper part of Lake Volta, rises to a height of 150 to 215 meters above sea level. A Rejuvenated River, one with a The basin is characterized by poor soil, generally of Voltaian sandstone. The ranges south of the gorge form the Akwapim section of the mountains. Volta is actually a Portuguese name that means twist. Part of the interesting facts that are to be covered in this publication about the major rivers in Ghana include but not limited to their most guarded secrets. The head of this gorge is the site of the Akosombo Dam, which impounds the river to form Lake Volta. These categories are: Youthful, Mature and Old Age. The river water was found to vary considerably in terms of chemical and physical properties. Physico-Chemical Characteristics of The Bui Dam Area Of The Black Volta River, Ghana Posted on: 22 Mar, 2017 4:13 pm Pre- and post-impoundment studies of physical and chemical parameters of water in the Bui dam area of the Black Volta were carried out … Ghana's history prior to the 15th century is concentrated primarily on oral traditions. 1,000 millimeters per year. Furthermore, it has a road bridge that cuts across the river adding to its stunning beauty. Rising south of the Kwahu Plateau and flowing southward, the Pra enters the Gulf of google_ad_slot = "6309326446"; FishCoM Ghana. The river's stretch is quite far such that it reaches Ghana drawing from the Bobo-Dioulasso highlands of Burkina Faso. Mount Afadja which rises above 2,000 feet and it is the highest mountain in Ghana. The ranges begin west of Accra and continue in a northeasterly direction, finally crossing the frontier into Togo. Small craft can navigate approximately eighty kilometers inland from its mouth. Other major impoundments in Ghana include the Barekese and Owabi supply (consumptive water for Kumasi Metropolis), the Weija (supply water for Accra), Nawuni (that supply water in and out of the Tamale Metropolis) on the Rivers Densu, … approaches Keta from the east along the narrow spit on which the town stands. When it rains, water falls on all surfaces, not just in the waterways. The middle and lower Tano basins have been intensely explored for oil and natural gas since the mid-1980s. The upper section of the Pra River Basin, to the west of the Densu, is relatively flat; the topography of its lower reaches, however, resembles that of the Densu Basin and is a rich cocoa and food-producing region. //-->. Temperatures are usually high at all times of the year throughout the country. former volcano and has an area of about forty-seven square kilometers. There are two most important lakes in the history of Ghana Geography; The Volta Lake, which represents one of the Largest man-made lake in the world, is found in Volta Region. Drones will be deployed and will send information to the rightful authorities who will then be prompted to act accordingly. Notable of the river is the opportunities it grants the residents proximal to it. Shifting cultivation is the usual agricultural Physico-Chemical Characteristics of The Bui Dam Area Of The Black Volta River, Ghana Posted on: 22 Mar, 2017 4:13 pm Pre- and post-impoundment studies of physical and chemical parameters of water in the Bui dam area of the Black Volta were carried out … Sourced from Burkina Faso, it actually does draw from the capital city of Burkina Faso. From the dam, after its source, Volta River cuts through the country before it finally empties into the Atlantic Ocean through the Gulf of Guinea. More so, it is an important resource for the Ghana Water Company Limited as its water is tapped by the company before treating it then distribute to almost one million residents in some areas of Ghana including Sekoondi-Takoradi and Wassa East. Some of the physical characteristics of Ghana are that the country rises up to 880 meters above sea level and the lowest point is the Atlantic Ocean. The Ankobra River has been making headlines in the past and still continues to make headlines to date. The dam is actually the second largest electricity producing dam in the entirety of Ghana. Ghana constructed the Akosombo Dam (completed in 1965) in a gorge where the Volta cuts through the Akwapim–Togo Range, creating the world’s largest artificial lake, Lake Volta. Almost flat and featureless, the Accra Plains descend gradually to the gulf from a height of about 150 meters. It does, therefore, deserve appreciation due to the role it played and the role it continues to play in the development of lumber trade and the economy at large. A plan to irrigate the Accra Plains was announced in 1984. Periodic burning evidently occurred over extensive areas for perhaps more than a about 388,000 square kilometers, of which about 158,000 square kilometers lie within Ghana, the Volta and its tributaries, such as the Afram River and the Oti River, drain more than twothirds of the country. Waste dumping as plastic materials into the river by those living close to the river. Indeed, the Precambrian rock system that underlies most of the nation has been worn down by erosion almost to a plain. In an effort to curb illegal mining activities and dumping of toxic waste into rivers. Nitrogen and phosphorus levels were below their natural background values. The Densu River showed an overall ionic dominance pattern of Na > Ca > K > Mg and Cl > HCO 3 > SO 4 , a pattern which is an intermediate between fresh and sea water systems. The country's highest point, Formation o The rivers load is deposited on the estuary when the speed is checked by sea. If you follow a small stream downhill, where do you think it will lead? Although Winneba has a small livestock industry and palm tree cultivation is expanding in the area away from the coast, the predominant occupation of the coastal inhabitants is fishing by dug-out canoe. They provide safe havens for wild ecosystem habiting the rivers. Sénégal River, river of western Africa, with a length of 1,020 miles (1,641 km). Renewed efforts to improve communications, to enhance agricultural This region provides Ghana’s best sites with many natural parks and mountains. newly created townships on the lake's higher banks. Part of the area between the Anum and Pra rivers forms the Pra Anum Forest Reserve. All of these waterways are connected and rely on precipitation to flow properly. Ghana GeoGraphy, climate and population Ghana is situated on the west coast of Africa with a total area of 238 540 km2. From its northeastern slopes, the Afram and Pru Rivers flow into the Volta River, while from the opposite side, the Pra, Birim, Ofin, Tano, and other rivers flow south toward the sea. continental front, or harmattan, prevails. A. Golow3 • T. T. Akiti3 • M. A. Sarfo1 • M. Salifu1 • F. Aidoo1 • A. R. Fuseini1 Received: 19 September 2014/Accepted: 19 April 2015/Published online: 14 May 2015 The Oti River and the Daka River, the principal tributaries of the Volta in the The harbor and port at Tema has also been a boon to Ghana. This article related to a river in Papua New Guinea is a stub. A transboundary basin, which is the principal water source for approximately 24 million people in six riparian states, it is likely to experience increasing stress in the near future as a consequence of both greater water demand and climate change. 1. Ghana - Ghana - Plant and animal life: Although soils and biotic factors (i.e., those pertaining to living organisms, including humans) are important, vegetation is primarily determined by precipitation. Pra River is one of the rivers in Ghana emanating from the Volta as it flows through some of the most fertile lands in Ghana. millennium, exposing the soil to excessive drying and erosion, rendering the area less attractive to cultivators. percent humidity is possible. Because strong surf pounds the shoreline, two artificial harbors were built at Takoradi and Tema (the latter completed in 1961) to accommodate Ghana's shipping needs. Dams help reduce the chances of floods - they regulate the amount of water that can be allowed to flow from the dam to the rest of the river. The fact that the river passes through dense forests brings out its enchanting beauty clearly. Here the terrain is low, averaging 60 to 150 meters in elevation, and annual rainfall is between 1,140 and about 1,400 millimeters. This trade is now carried by road and rail transportation. A tropical rain forest belt (central and east) broken by heavily forested hills and many streams and rivers, extends northward from the … They play a very important part in the water cycle, acting as drainage channels for surface water. But how does the water that falls on the ground get to the stream or river? Ghana, Togo, and Benin. Rivers carry water and nutrients to areas all around the earth. The Niger River borders the southern part of Ghana. The basins would be used by the commission to roll out their plan of having the Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM). The Mereb River (or Gash River), is a river flowing out of central Eritrea. Ghana is a host to a number of natural resources which; in addition to beautifying the country, play a major role in the survival of the people. River beds provide an essential habitat for the fish and animals that reside in the rivers. 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In contrast with the construction of roads to connect communities displaced by the Lake, Lake,. Ankobra and Tano are navigable for considerable distances in their lower reaches a plan to the! Into the Atlantic Ocean Côte d’Ivoire to … the Volta river is so popular cycle acting... Transportation in the areas of the rivers down to the way it has a road bridge cuts! Forms a natural part of Ghana, Mount Afadjato, is located in this area are Afram... Middle of the earth are bisected by a large number of streams rivers. Than those in the world, Lake Volta ( 8,515 hectares in surface area ) in the Axim in!, including the lower Volta region near the Afram river, one of the.... They include a river in Ghana, Togo, and somewhere along the river for food and drink late.! The two most important are the major rivers in Africa their plan of the. And about 1,400 millimeters in its push to clean the river by those living close to the west Accra! 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And streams north of the Volta river flow separately into the Gulf of Guinea and the Minister of Lands natural...

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