In the far north, temperature highs of 31C are common. Formation o The rivers load is deposited on the estuary when the speed is checked by sea. The river water was found to vary considerably in terms of chemical and physical properties. In fact, the region is the country's largest producer of cattle. Physico-Chemical Characteristics of The Bui Dam Area Of The Black Volta River, Ghana Posted on: 22 Mar, 2017 4:13 pm Pre- and post-impoundment studies of physical and chemical parameters of water in the Bui dam area of the Black Volta were carried out … Ghana shares the Volta River basin with Burkina Faso, Togo, Cote d’Ivoire and Mali. The Greenwich Meridian, which passes through London, also traverses the eastern part of Ghana at Tema. Low plains stretch across the southern part of the country. Navigation by steam launch is possible on the southern sector of Such illegal acts are seen as the main contributory factors for the change of color of the river from crystal clear water to a yellowish pigmentation. Guinea east of Takoradi. ORIGINAL ARTICLE Physical and isotopic characteristics in peri-urban landscapes: a case study at the lower Volta River Basin, Ghana E. K. Gampson1 • V. K. Nartey2 • A. Indeed, the Precambrian rock system that underlies most of the nation has been worn down by erosion almost to a plain. In Ghana, there are many tourist sites in 10 of its different regions. This region provides Ghana’s best sites with many natural parks and mountains. The two most important are the Densu and Ayensu, which are important as sources of water for Accra and Winneba, respectively. Guyana’s four main rivers—the Courantyne, Berbice, Demerara, and Essequibo —all flow from the south and empty into the Atlantic along the eastern section of the coast. The Ghana - Ghana - Plant and animal life: Although soils and biotic factors (i.e., those pertaining to living organisms, including humans) are important, vegetation is primarily determined by precipitation. former volcano and has an area of about forty-seven square kilometers. The ranges are largely covered with deciduous forests, and their higher elevation provides a relatively cooler, pleasant climate. //-->. Koforidua in the east and Wenchi in the northwest. They provide safe havens for wild ecosystem habiting the rivers. A low-pressure belt, or intertropical front, in the air mass brings warm air, rain, and prevailing winds from the southwest. The Black Volta River and the White Volta River flow separately into the lake. Ghana is a West African country in Africa, along the Gulf of Guinea, just a few degrees north of the equator.. Ghana encompasses plains, low hills, rivers, Lake Volta, the world's largest artificial lake, Dodi Island and Bobowasi Island on the south Atlantic Ocean coast of Ghana. SOURCES: Library of Congress Country Studies/Area Handbook. Its stretch covers a distance of 1,599 kilometers. This trade is now carried by road and rail transportation. google_ad_slot = "6309326446"; A Rejuvenated River, one with a here have craggy summits, which give a striking appearance to the landscape. Small-scale subsistence farming is typical in the ranges. River Ankobra is said to have a large concentration of mercury. A number of rivers are found to the east of the Pra. As the sun returns south across the equator, the dry, dusty, tropical From here, the country extends inland for some 670 kilometers to about 11 north. The harmattan season with its dry, hot days and relatively cool nights from November to late March or April, is PROFILE OF MAJOR RIVERS IN GHANA Ghana is drained by the Volta, South-Western and Coastal Rivers Systems covering 70%, 22% and 8% respectively of the total area of the country. developed across the mouths of the Volta and smaller rivers that empty into the gulf in the same area, forming numerous lagoons, some quite large, making road construction difficult. The water was slightly alkaline, brackish to fresh and of mixed Ca–Na–HCO 3 and Ca–HCO 3 types. rainy seasons. 1,000 millimeters per year. This list is arranged by drainage basin, with respective tributaries indented under each larger stream's name. Ghana GeoGraphy, climate and population Ghana is situated on the west coast of Africa with a total area of 238 540 km2. Rivers: Rivers are large streams that flow over the land. With three main tributaries; the Birim, Anum and Ofin rivers, it cuts through the Akan lowlands which play host to very important forests and also through farmlands that are rich in cocoa. Physico-Chemical Characteristics of The Bui Dam Area Of The Black Volta River, Ghana Posted on: 22 Mar, 2017 4:13 pm Pre- and post-impoundment studies of physical and chemical parameters of water in the Bui dam area of the Black Volta were carried out … The lower basins of the Pra, Birim, Densu, and Ankobra rivers are also sites for palm tree cultivation. The dam is actually the second largest electricity producing dam in the entirety of Ghana. There are, nonetheless, five distinct geographical regions. 2018) (Fig. River Severn | River Thames. Angereb River. In 1482, the Portuguese built a trading settlement there. Ducks, voles, otters and beavers make their homes on the river banks. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it This page was last edited on 23 March 2020, at 18:31 (UTC). Oti River, river in West Africa, rising in the southern plain of Burkina Faso.It meanders southward, briefly flowing along the Togo-Benin border. Volta River. To the south and the southwest, the basin is less than 300 meters. It flows through Ghana's Upper … Dams can also be sources of recreational activities as some of them provide recreational facilities like boating. This plan began in 2017 and the Minister of Lands and Natural Resources stated that the drones would cost about $3 million. It is made up of two rivers- the Nakambe River, also known as the White Volta River, which flows from Burkina Faso. The extent of drought and rainfall varies across the country. The river has a lot of twists and thus it can be urged that the Portuguese named it Volta since they were the first Europeans to get to the river. Ghana is also home to Lake Volta, the world's largest artificial lake. The protection of the environment including rivers is the responsibility of the entire Dams help reduce the chances of floods - they regulate the amount of water that can be allowed to flow from the dam to the rest of the river. This article may have too many red links. The Volta River System comprises the White, Black and Red Volta and Oti Rivers. Nitrogen and phosphorus levels were below their natural background values. Among the tributaries of the Essequibo, the Potaro, the Mazaruni, and the Cuyuni drain the northwest, and the Rupununi drains the southern savanna. Ghana has a geographical area of 91,843 sq. A plan to irrigate the Accra Plains was announced in 1984. In general, however, the land is flat and covered with grass and scrub. Sénégal River, river of western Africa, with a length of 1,020 miles (1,641 km). Needless to say, the government is stepping up its efforts to contain the situation and has started taking the necessary steps to ensure they curb this menace. Extending about 1,600 kilometers in length and draining an area of 2018). production, and to improve standards of living began in earnest only in the mid-1980s. History of Ghana . 31, 2015 GHANA JOURNAL OF FORESTRY, VOL. The Pra is the easternmost and the largest of the three principal rivers that drain the area south of the Volta divide. African countries, Ghana has no natural harbors. Why would the government put in so much effort and resources to protect the rivers? Ghana GeoGraphy, climate and population Ghana is situated on the west coast of Africa with a total area of 238 540 km2. Ghana Wind Energy Resource Mapping Activity Introduction This document describes the development of detailed high-resolution (1 km2) wind energy resource maps ... important wind characteristics in the study region such as the interannual, seasonal, and diurnal variability This came as a response to the problems that face the Ankobra river basin which include; the Galamsey mining, pollution of the river by indiscriminate mining companies, fishing that is undertaken using harmful chemicals, reduction of forest cover by unscrupulous miners, erosion and many others. Fed by the Nini river, it covers a fairly large distance as it flows south to the Gulf of Guinea through a distance of 190 kilometers. Mount Afadja which rises above 2,000 feet and it is the highest mountain in Ghana. Located in south-eastern Ghana between Longitudes 0° 40′ E and 1° 10′ E and Latitudes 5° 25′ N and 6° 20′ N, the Volta Delta of Ghana covers an area of about 4562 km 2 (Appeaning Addo et al. The average elevation in this section is about 450 meters, Rivers are also an important water source. Ghana, it is forbidden to draw water on certain days, and fishing is forbidden on Tuesdays and certain months of the year. It also flows in a southerly direction, but it empties into a lagoon in the southeast corner of C�te d'Ivoire. The middle and lower Tano basins have been intensely explored for oil and natural gas since the mid-1980s. The hills and slopes in this area are the favored lands for cultivation. to 460 meters. The Pru River is a river of Ghana. Waste dumping as plastic materials into the river by those living close to the river. The Volta River flows through the country and the area around the river mostly consists of plains. The Oti River and the Daka River, the principal tributaries of the Volta in the Ghana's coastline is low and sandy, backed by plains and scrub and intersected by several rivers and streams, most of which are navigable only by canoe. period in August, another rainy season begins in September and lasts through November, before the longer harmattan season sets in to complete the cycle. The 116 kilometer river is located in the South East part of Ghana and it rises in the Atewa Range stretching all the way to the wetlands just close to the Atlantic Ocean. READ ALSO: Fish Farming in Ghana - Tilapia Business Made Easy. Thus, crop production is at its best close to rivers all thanks to the silt from overflow water. Pra River is one of the rivers in Ghana emanating from the Volta as it flows through some of the most fertile lands in Ghana. The Ankobra river rises north east of Wiawso. to 1,350 millimeters. 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